Volvo V50 Case Study

Blue Print tackles a suspected leaking clutch CSC within its workshop

The Volvo V50 estate and the S40 saloon models were introduced in 2004 and were manufactured with a number of different engine and transmission options, until 2012. This Volvo model shared its platform with many other Volvo, Ford and Mazda models, making mechanical repairs on this vehicle seem familiar, even if this model is not an everyday visitor to an independent workshop.

The vehicle featured in this article is a 2011 model, fitted with the 1.6 litre diesel PSA group engine and a six-speed GETRAG manual transmission, and has Stop/Start, as it is a DRIVEe model.

The owner of the vehicle had reported some difficulty with the clutch operation, which was suspected to be a hydraulic fault, due to the loss of fluid. However, there were no obvious external fluid leaks from the clutch master cylinder or associated pipes, hoses or connections. Therefore, the fault was suspected to be a leaking clutch concentric slave cylinder (CSC), which required the removal of the transmission for inspection and diagnosis.

The vehicle was brought into the workshop, the bonnet was opened and the engine cover along with the battery cover, battery, battery tray and air cleaner assembly were removed, as well as the DPF pressure sensor, which is attached to the battery tray. This was to provide access to the top of the engine and transmission. All cables associated with the battery were unclipped and secured until reassembly.

With the top of the transmission visible, the two gear selector cables were unclipped from their mounting points and were secured out of the way. The reverse lamp switch and the neutral switch wiring harness connectors were unclipped, along with the CSC hydraulic pipe connection. The open end of the connector was sealed with a plastic cap to stop any excess fluid from leaking out, see Figure 1.

The main wiring harness that goes across the top of the transmission was eased back to reveal the top bell housing bolts, these were removed with two of the starter motor bolts that were accessible from the top of the transmission.

The diesel particulate filter (DPF), fitted to this engine needs to be lowered, in order to gain access to one of the front bell housing bolts. The temperature and lambda sensor wiring harness were disconnected and the differential pressure sensor pipes. The air intake pipe, heat shield and retaining clamp were removed, and then the DPF can be eased down to give clearance for the removal of the bell-housing bolt, see Figure 2.

The vehicle was raised to a suitable height and the front wheels were then removed, this gave access to the hub retaining bolts, which were also removed. Then, the left front wheel arch liner was also removed, to improve clearance ready for the removal of the transmission.

The vehicle was raised again and the transmission oil was drained, followed by the removal of both front lower arm ball joints, from the hub assembly. This was followed by the removal of the left driveshaft from the transmission. A supporting centre bearing retains the right driveshaft; this needs to be unbolted before the driveshaft can be removed.

Working from under the vehicle, the last starter motor bolt was located and removed. The starter motor was supported and left in place because it does not need to be removed completely for the removal of this transmission, see Figure 3.

Next, was the removal of the gearbox torque mounting, followed by the gear selector cable bracket. This was to give extra clearance, to help when removing the transmission, see Figure 4.

The engine was supported, the top transmission mount was released, and then the last of the bell housing bolts were removed, before separating the transmission from the engine. The transmission was lowered to the floor and inspected. Upon inspection of the bell housing, it became obvious that the CSC had been leaking, which was the cause of the loss of fluid in the clutch system and the poor pedal performance, see Figure 5.

The leaking CSC was removed. Then, the bell housing and the input shaft were thoroughly cleaned of all grease, dirt and old friction fibres, from the previous clutch and the input shaft seal was inspected before fitting the new CSC (ADM53635).

The clutch pressure plate and friction disc were removed and inspected, along with the condition of the dual mass flywheel (DMF). The friction disc was very close to being worn out and there was a lot of bluing on the friction surface of both the pressure plate and flywheel. Therefore, all parts required replacing. Clutch kit (ADF123081) and DMF (ADBP350003) were selected for this repair, the original flywheel was removed from the engine and the rear main oil seal was inspected for any oil leaks before fitting the new flywheel.

The new flywheel is an updated design and is supplied complete with new bolts. It is essential that the new bolts supplied are used, because they are of a different length to the original bolts. The new flywheel bolts were tightened to the recommended settings and the clutch kit was aligned and fitted to the flywheel.

The transmission input shaft splines were lightly greased in preparation before installation, see Figure 6.

The transmission was aligned to the engine and secured in place with a few of the bell housing bolts. This was followed by refitting all of the parts to the transmission, and all of the other parts that were removed in the process of the removal of the transmission. Then all of the bolts and fixings were tightened accordingly. The transmission was filled with fresh oil through the level plug located on the front of the transmission, until the level was reached and then the plug was refitted.

Following this, the brake/clutch fluid reservoir was topped-up with fresh fluid, and then the new CSC was bled of any excess air.

Finally, the battery tray along with all the associated wiring were refitted, and then the battery and all the other covers were refitted. This was followed, by resetting the clock and a check of the clutch pedal operation, before a road test was carried out to check that the clutch was back to full operational order.

The entire range of Blue Print clutch replacement parts can be found at:

Best practice: Brake disc & pad replacement

  1. Blue Print recommends that any diagnosis and maintenance is carried out by a fully trained vehicle technician. As part of the process for replacing brake pads and discs, you should always check the brake fluid level and condition. Change the fluid if necessary and drain a small amount as required to allow for the fluid returning from the pistons as they’re retracted.
  2. *Attach a battery support unit to prevent the vehicle battery from being drained. Using appropriate diagnostic equipment, retract the rear parking brake; this is indicated by the parking brake symbol on the dashboard and the parking brake switch flashing. Ensure that you remove the key from the ignition.
    * Attention: applies only for vehicles with electronic parking brake (EPB)
  3. With the vehicle raised, remove the wheels and inspect them for any wear or damage.
  4. Disconnect the parking brake motor electrical connector, then using the correct tools unbolt the caliper. Some vehicles may have a wear indicator which will also need to be disconnected. When removing the caliper, ensure that you do not place too much strain on the brake hose and secure the calliper by using a hook or similar.
  5. Now remove the pads and guide plates ensuring that you don’t apply too much force when removing them. If any parts are stuck, always ensure the correct tools are used to remove them.
  6. When removing the brake discs, it is advisable not to use excessive force such as striking them with a hammer, as this can cause a failure in the ABS sensor and damage the wheel hub and wheel bearings.
  7. Inspect all surrounding parts and components for wear and damage. These include steering and suspension parts, bushes, bearings, brake hoses and pipes, wiring and connectors, ABS sensors, shock absorbers and springs. Worn suspension parts can cause a vibration when braking and defective shock absorbers can extend the braking distance.
  8. It is advisable to inspect the old discs and pads as wear patterns can give you an indication of underlying faults with adjacent components.
  9. You should inspect and clean the wheel fixings and replace any that appear worn or damaged.
  10. Always thoroughly clean the wheel hub and ensure all corrosion is removed, as an uneven surface can lead to problems with braking such as judder.
  11. Once cleaned, measure the hub for run-out with a dial gauge to ensure you have an even surface.
  12. Inspect the caliper for damage, paying particular attention to the protective dust cover.
  13. To avoid any damage, only push the brake piston back using the correct tools and then clean the brake caliper.
  14. Clean the caliper carrier and inspect the guide bolts and protective sleeves for wear and damage.
  15. Remove the protective coating from the new brake discs before fitting.
  16. * Apply ceramic paste to the contact surfaces of the caliper carrier and guide plates.
    * Attention! Do not use copper paste.
  17. You should be able to fit the new pads without using any force.
  18. Using a torque wrench tighten the caliper carrier to the correct torque as outlined by the vehicle manufacturer. Connect electrical connectors for the EPB and brake pad warning indicator, as required.
  19. When refitting the wheels do not use an impact wrench. Lower the vehicle before tightening the bolts to the correct torque as outlined by the manufacturer.
  20. *Using the diagnostic equipment you can now reset the rear parking brake.
    * Attention: applies only for vehicles with electronic parking brake (EPB)
  21. *Press the brake pedal until normal pedal pressure is felt; check the brake fluid level and top up if required, then and check that the EPB is working.
    * Attention: applies only for vehicles with electronic parking brake (EPB)
  22. Finally, take the vehicle for a test drive to ensure the correct operation of the braking system.
    Please note! The instructions of the vehicle and brake system manufacturers regarding repair and maintenance must always be observed.

You can find the complete overview of Braking components at:

Blue Print Audi A4 Clutch Replacement

Traditionally, vehicle manufacturers have configured their engine and transmissions within the chassis by mounting them transversely for front wheel drive and longitudinally for rear wheel drive cars.

However, for many years and for many of its models, Audi have opted to fit their engine and transmissions longitudinally using a front wheel drive transaxle. This arrangement is also used in the four-wheel drive ‘’Quattro’’ variants, which feature in most model ranges.

The model featured in this article is a 2008 A4 Avant B7 2.0 TDi fitted with a 01X front wheel drive 6-speed transmission. It was reported that the vehicle had clutch judder – when cold – and a rattling noise coming from the transmission area. This required the transmission to be removed and the clutch and flywheel to be inspected in order to fully diagnose the fault and rectify it.

Once the vehicle was brought into the workshop, the bonnet was opened and the engine cover was removed. After checking that the ignition was switched off, the battery was then disconnected.

ProTip: Whilst working in the plenum chamber, where the battery and fuse box is located, it is advisable to check the water drain outlet. On this model it is very common for the outlet to be blocked up with tree debris. If blocked, the battery area fills up with water which can lead to many electrical issues!

The vehicle was then raised up to a working height in order to gain access to all other items that required removal from under the vehicle. Then, the engine and transmission under trays were removed, along with the under tray retaining bracket (note: this saves it from being damaged when the transmission is removed).

All but two of the bell housing bolts (including the two that retain the starter motor) were located, undone and secured as necessary. At this point it was important to make a note of where each bolt came from because the bolts vary in size and length.

ProTip: Be advised that the engine and transmission used in this application are used in many other configurations within the VAG range. This means many spare mounting holes are not used.

The heatshield (above the right hand driveshaft) was then removed. Following this, the original position of each driveshaft was marked before all of the bolts that retain them to the drive flanges were undone. After marking, they were positioned to one side. (Fig. 1)

On the right hand side of the transmission the reverse lamp switch was located. The wiring loom was unclipped and then secured. Above this switch was one end of the gear selector rod. The retaining bolt was removed and put to one side. (Fig 2)

Figure 2
Figure 3

On the left, the clutch slave cylinder and the other end of the gear selector rod was located. The hydraulic hose was clamped to the slave cylinder to prevent any fluid loss. The pipe was then unclipped from the slave cylinder and capped at the end to reduce dirt ingress. The retaining nut from the gear selector was then unfastened and removed. (Fig 3)

Next, with the transmission supported, all of the retaining bolts for the transmission cross member were undone as this component also required removal.

ProTip: This can be achieved by lowering the exhaust – either by unbolting it from the manifold or by removing the exhaust hanger (located in the middle of the exhaust) in order to give enough room between the exhaust and the floor of the car. (Fig 4)

Figure 4

With the transmission slightly lowered, the gear selector steady bar was unfastened. Then, before attempting the removal of the transmission, it was important to check that all retaining bolts were removed and that all electrical cables and pipes were free. With everything checked and clear, the transmission was removed away from the vehicle.
With the transmission removed, the flywheel was locked in place to stop the engine from turning. The original self-adjusting clutch and dual-mass flywheel were unbolted and removed for inspection after 225,000 km (140,000 miles) of use. First, the flywheel was checked, where some bluing on the friction surface was discovered. This was due to the excess heat created by the worn clutch. As a result, a rock test was also carried out on the flywheel, however it subsequently failed the 2.9mm limit.

Turning our attention to the release mechanism, the release bearing was removed from the clutch release lever – this had become dry and noisy with usage and age.

After inspecting all of the parts of the clutch mechanism, the conclusion was that the clutch kit and flywheel were in need of replacement. Blue Print SMARTFIT Solution Clutch Kit ADV1830146 was selected to replace the original self-adjusting clutch.

Product note: The advantage with this kit is that it has no sensitive adjustment mechanism, which means it doesn’t require any initial set-up with a special tool. The SMARTFIT solution kit also replaces both possible clutch kits that could have been originally fitted to this vehicle, making it easier for the workshop.

Figure 5

Before fitting any new components, all mating surfaces at the rear of the engine and the transmission bell housing were cleaned in order to be free of all grease, dirt and old friction fibres from the previous clutch. The new dual-mass flywheel ADV183508 and retaining bolts ADV183315 were fitted to the engine along with the new clutch. All of the bolts were then tightened to the manufacturer’s recommended tightening figures, evenly and in sequence, before all components were secured and correctly aligned. (Fig 5)

Before refitting the transmission to the engine, the new release bearing was assembled with the release lever and then fitted with pre-greased pivot points to ease operation. (Fig 6)

Figure 6

With all of the clutch components replaced, the engine was supported with an additional transmission jack. All cables, pipes and the gear selector linkage were secured so as not to foul when refitting the transmission. With everything secured, the transmission was refitted to the engine. This was followed by refitting all of the parts at the top of the transmission, followed by the cross member (to support its weight), before the jacks were removed. All of the other parts that were removed in the process (during removal of the transmission) were refitted and all of the bolts and fixings were tightened accordingly. The vehicle was then carefully lowered and the battery was reconnected.

Following this, the brake/clutch fluid reservoir was topped-up with fresh fluid, the slave cylinder was bled of any excess air and the clock and one-touch window operation were reset. Finally, a road test was carried out to check the clutch operation, which proved that the clutch fault was now fixed.

Rely on tested, OE matching quality replacement parts from Blue Print. The entire range of clutch replacement parts can be found at:

The Blue Print brand is part of the bilstein group – the umbrella organisation for several other strong brands. Further information is available at:

The Bilstein Group – Strong brands under one umbrella

When it comes to umbrella brands in the independent aftermarket, they don’t come much larger than the bilstein group. The family-run group of companies has headquarters in Ennepetal, Germany and 21 international subsidiaries, including Ferdinand Bilstein UK. You may be more familiar with the renowned product brands Blue Print, febi and SWAG.

Blue Print Brand

Blue Print – Right First Time

The Blue Print range consists of more than 24,000 parts over 160 product types and provides the independent aftermarket with highly accurate components and technical solutions.

Since 1994 the Blue Print programme has exceeded expectations through dedication to consistently delivering
in five key areas: Accuracy, Identification, Quality, Range and Cataloguing. New products and the latest vehicle releases are continually being researched to ensure that Blue Print are fast to market, fulfilling market requirements.

Built upon the strong coverage for Asian vehicle parts, Blue Print now offers an all-makes range for Filtration, Braking and Clutch.

febi Brand

febi – Solutions Made in Germany

Established in 1923, febi has a long tradition of continually providing customers and workshops with equal or higher quality alternative parts to the original fitment. The range covers more than 40,000 technical replacement parts, and febi specialises in Steering & Suspension, Rubber to Metal and Engine Management components. On top of this, the extensive febiPLUS range often includes articles that are otherwise only available from the Original Equipment or vehicle manufacturer.

High-quality standards are constantly reflected through in- house bilstein group engineering production of precision parts and quality control inspections at the on-site state-of-the-art laboratory test facilities.

Product Testing

Quality – We know what matters

One of our greatest strengths is reliability. This is guaranteed by constant product quality, combined with the timely delivery of goods. The same quality standards apply for the entire production line, which are assured by extensive and repeated product tests. These tests constantly question and continually confirm the claim of OE matching quality for every bilstein group component.

To ensure consistent product quality in every delivery, extensive inspections of incoming goods are carried out following random sample checks. In state-of-the-art testing laboratories, parts are examined in full detail.

These quality assurance measures are not carried out solely for the products produced in Ennepetal but also for the components manufactured by carefully selected production partners.

Partsfinder – Searching becomes finding

In 2017, partsfinder was introduced to make finding parts across the bilstein group brands even easier. The core of the system is the direct search by the spare part description box. Partsfinder determines the correct result based on just a few keywords. Apart from this, users have additional options to search for a part, for example, using the OE number. No matter which path is selected, results are never more than three clicks away. Many product pages even feature 360-degree illustrations, functional descriptions, or safety data sheets. Additional functions are also available, such as a “Car Park” that allows the user to save frequently used models to be quickly called up when required. On top of this, the VIN now displays when registration numbers are entered to help identify correct parts for a Right-First-Time fit.

Product Testing

Technical Support – Shared Knowledge

To ensure workshops are supported when using Blue Print and febi products it is important to provide as much information and support as possible alongside our extensive ranges. For this reason, a broad selection of information is compiled and made available in the following formats:

PROTIPS – Offer practical support with everyday issues encountered in the workshop and, when possible, follow the explanation structure of Problem, Cause, Solution.

PRODUCT HIGHLIGHTS – Focus on a specific part in the range and detail the components function along with any information on common failure.

TECHNICAL ARTICLES – Provide a more in-depth look at how a specific vehicle component works or details a diagnostic story from the workshop, highlighting a vehicle fault, including diagnosis and replacement.

VIDEOS – Offer a visual “How To” guide sharing best practice information and top tips for a number of Blue Print products ranges.

Workshop technicians can stay up to date with the latest technical information from Blue Print and febi by following @ blueprintpartsUK and @febi.bilsteinUK on Facebook.

Our Quality Promise – Your Added Value

Blue Print and febi exclusively offers replacement parts in OE matching quality. As a specialist with manufacturing competence, only products with a high degree of installation safety and durability are included in the range offering.

To underline the high product quality standards, a 3-year manufacturer’s guarantee is provided for all replacement parts – exceeding the statutory warranty. This is a real added value for everyone who trusts in Blue Print and febi products.

To see the full product ranges, visit: partsfinder., or for more information on the bilstein group brands, visit: &

Brakes for all makes

The phenomena of noise, vibration and harshness can affect the pleasant driving experience of any vehicle.

Brake noise is created by a high pitch vibration which you can hear. Imagine tracing the rim of a wineglass containing water with a wet finger. The glass resonates, and a sound is generated. The vibration is created by the friction caused by your finger tracing around the rim of the wineglass. This, in turn, resonates within the glass containing the water, producing a sound.

The same principle can be applied to the noises and vibrations generated by the friction between brake pads and discs. These are transmitted to the brake calipers, and, as a result, the entire brake system resonates to produce unpleasant noise.

Noise suppression
Many factors must be considered to suppress brake noise and vibrations. These include the quality of materials, the shape and torsion of the components, the driving environment, vehicle speed and brake temperature.

Noise is often caused from the vibration of the pad against the disc where full contact is not taking place or failing or faulty parts such as shims and pins which have lost their tension and create sound waves. These sound waves can either be the high-pitched vibrations you can hear or a low pitch vibration which you can feel.

Minimising vibrations and noise
During the development of a new Blue Print brake pad, many technologies are used to improve the comfort for both the driver and passengers by minimising these unpleasant vibrations and noises.

Blue Print matches or exceeds the specifications of the OE brake pad, therefore retaining the original manufacturer’s benefits and features – such as:

Chamfering and/or the addition of slots to ‘tune’ the pad, so it makes less noise. The chamfers and slots change the natural frequency at which the brake pad oscillates, so it runs quieter than a brake pad without these features.

• There are also various types of shims which may also be fitted to the steel backing plate to dampen vibrations between the pad and caliper. These shims act as a cushion; they absorb noise-producing vibrations. Some shims may have a half-moon cut-out present, which allows the piston to push the brake pad at the desired angle, thus reducing noise and creating a more unified and even pad wear. These are generally fitted to directional brake pads which can only be installed in one direction.

Anti-rattle clips or springs that minimise play between the pads and caliper further to dampen vibrations during the initial engagement of the pad.

Additional weights: These are added during the development phase to minimise vibrations and noise.

For quiet, effective brakes, make sure you fit quality braking parts and the appropriate accessories from Blue Print’s extensive range whenever you service the braking system.

Rely on tested OE matching quality replacement parts from Blue Print. The entire range of braking parts can be found at

Why Blue Print Braking?
• Complete All-Makes range of more than 3,400 brake friction components for Asian and European vehicle applications
• Coverage of over 98% of all popular passenger cars and LCVs on European roads (launched from the year 2000 and onwards) for brake discs and pads
• Keeping pace with every new vehicle released into the market according to our ‘Fast to Market’ philosophy
• Use of Official Manufacturer Electronic Parts Catalogues ensures ultimate levels of accuracy
• All components are developed and manufactured to meet OE specifications and to be direct replacements
• Rigorous and systematic quality checks to assure the continuous supply of quality products.

Replacing the rear brake discs and pads of a Hyundai i40

This video from Blue Print demonstrates the steps required to change the rear brake discs and pads of a Hyundai i40. Unlike most disc and pad changes, this process requires input from suitable diagnostic equipment as the i40 has an Electric Parking Brake or EPB.

Using quality components is clearly important when replacing braking items, to ensure the safety of the vehicle and those around you, and to avoid excessive wear between service intervals. Blue Print highlights that to be competitive, some manufacturers cut their production and distribution costs by reducing the quantity and quality of materials used during manufacture, which can have a detrimental effect on brake efficiency.

This can lead to more problems down the road with drivers experiencing issues such as brake judder. A major cause of brake judder is Disc Thickness Variation (DTV), which is commonly misdiagnosed as ‘warped’ discs. This occurs when the brake disc becomes worn in a single area of the disc’s surface and is often caused by excessive run-out.

Blue Print supplies an extensive range of over 6,694 braking components, including discs, pads and sensors. All parts are researched, specified and manufactured to be OE matching replacements in accordance with ECE-R90 regulations, and a ‘Three year unlimited mileage warranty’ against manufacturing defects guarantees quality is provided.

Blue Print has strong coverage of Asian, American and British vehicles, with fitting kits available within the range for parts such as brake shoes.

An extensive range of brake discs, includes high-carbon discs, with high resistance to wear to ensure long service life. More than 370 components for wheel cylinders are also available.

You can find the complete overview of Blue Print Braking components at:

Failing water pumps and faulty A/C systems

Autotech sponsor febi bilstein discuss failing water pumps and faulty A/C systems.

Water pumps are sometimes overlooked during routine maintenance, but they can, and will, fail if left untouched for a long period of time. To keep an engine healthy in both hot and cold conditions, it is vital that the engine has a healthy supply of coolant and the water pump is the core component responsible for this circulation. 

Symptoms of a failing water pump might be water leakage or the engine overheating. When the water pump starts to leak, it can often be due to the gasket or bearing deteriorating where the pump and engine block joins. If the pump fails completely, it can prevent the supply of coolant to the engine, causing the engine to overheat. Broken off or corroded impellers within the pump is another reason they fail. 

When faulty, the pump can loosen and create screeching, high pitched sounds. This is often caused by the bearing operating the water pump, which starts to wear out. It is important to replace this part if this symptom occurs, as once bearings fail inside the water pump, it often means the unit cannot be repaired, and a complete replacement would need to be carried out. Worst case scenario, the engine can completely fail if not provided with the substantial amount of coolant, directed by the mechanism of a water pump. 

If any of these symptoms occur, it is advisable to replace the water pump and use recommended coolants. 

Popular Reference: 104480, OE Number: 11 51 7 548 263 SK1 

To fit: BMW 5 Series (F10, F11), 6 Series (F12, F13), 7 Series (F01, F02, F04), X5 (E70), X6 (E71, E72) 


The first sales for the Škoda Octavia started in 1998 and since then, its popularity has grown, making this model one of the biggest cars in its class. febi bilstein supply over 1,300 parts for this vehicle; including steering, rubber-metal and electrical components. All of febi’s vehicle components are manufactured in OE-matching quality to provide longevity, safety assurance and optimum performance. 

Popular parts in the range include:

Part Number


OE Number



Clutch Master Cylinder

5Q0 721 388



Throttle Body

03G 128 063 Q




1K0 959 263 A



Blower Motor

1K2 819 015 C



Wiper Switch

1K0 953 519


The heater blower motor resistor, part number 102584, is a popular reference for this model, managing the speed variances of the blower motor. Without this part, the speed of the airflow from the blower motor cannot be changed or may not work at all. If the resistor is faulty, it’s likely that the fan will only work on the highest speed. The fan speed is adjusted very frequently, undergoing a huge amount of stress which, over time, can ultimately lead to failure. A failing Blower Resistor can cause many problems with the heating/air conditioning and would indicate the need for replacement.

If the fan is stuck on high, it’s likely the heater blower motor resistor is worn or faulty and should be replaced. All relevant electrical circuits need to be fully inspected to verify a faulty resistor. Other symptoms of failure may be that the blower motor stops functioning (no air leaving vents), or the blower motor only operating at two speeds, instead of four.

Note: The highest speed setting may still work because in most cars in the highest fan speed settings, the current bypasses the blower motor resistor.

The febi product brand is part of the bilstein group, which also incorporates the strong SWAG and Blue Print brands. Its entire range of parts can be found at:



Thermostats with Blue Print

The thermostat is an integral part of a vehicle engines health and if left ignored it can cause damage. It regulates the temperature of a vehicle by monitoring and controlling the flow of coolant through the engine. When the engine is cold, the thermostat will be closed. As the engine heats up, the thermostat will open, allowing coolant to flow to and from the vehicle’s radiator regulating the temperature. This maintains an optimum functioning vehicle temperature and keeps your vehicle’s engine system healthy.

Recognised common problems:

• Engine overheating/ high temperature reading
• Engine under-heating/ low temperature reading
• Inconsistent temperature
• Coolant Leakage

Blue Print Thermostats are manufactured to OE standards, providing durability and longevity. Blue Print supply nearly 200 thermostats for a wide range of manufacturers including Citroën, Land Rover and Mitsubishi.

Popular Reference: ADC49229

OE Number: 1336.Z4, 9657182080, 1 427 919, LR 001312, MN982198

To Fit: Citroën C8 (2002-2014) / Ford S-Max (2006-2014) / Land Rover Discovery Sport (2014-) / Mitsubishi Outlander (2006-2013) / Peugeot 508 (2010-2018)

Blue Print extends clutch range for European vehicles

In the past, Blue Print offered a broad range of clutch components for Asian makes and models. Now, the bilstein group brand has extended its portfolio. Blue Print has added clutches for European cars and light commercial vehicles to its range, providing customers with an “All-Makes” clutch portfolio from one single source. 

From clutch discs to release bearings and flywheels – the Aftermarket specialist offers more than 1,100 kits and 2,100 individual components for over 30,000 Asian and European passenger cars and LCV applications. The product range also includes high-quality repair solutions for Dual-Mass Flywheel and Self-Adjusting Clutches as part of the complimentary SMARTFIT category.

All Blue Print clutches are specified to exacting standards to guarantee a direct replacement to the original fitment. This is guaranteed by the bilstein group’s own Clutch Competence Centre based in Durmersheim, Germany. Here, clutch products undergo various important quality tests to ensure perfect function, excellent driving comfort and increased durability. There, for example, with the aid of precision measurement tools, all important dimensions are tested to be accurate to a thousandth of a millimetre, in order guarantee a perfect fit.

Find out more about Blue Print’s broad clutch range: CLICK HERE